Thursday, January 31, 2019

Fonts of Arabic Calligraphy


Are you looking forIslamic calligraphy for sale? Have you been thinking of doing up your living or working spaces with Islamic wall art Arabic calligraphy? Well, in that case, it would help you to understand the different calligraphic fonts used for writing the Arabic script. This knowledge should help you make the right purchasing decision. Islamic calligraphy, a historical art form, has different styles, which evolved in different places and at different points of time, and have their own set of writing rules. Here, we have explained some of the more prominent styles:

1. Kufic: This is perhaps the oldest known font of Arabic, dating to the 7thcentury in Kufa, Iraq. It is believed to be among the oldest fonts in which the Quran was transcribed. At that particular time, diacritical marks were missing in the Arabic script. In the course of time, as non-Arabs began turning to Islam and did not know how to read or write Arabic, diacritical marks and vowels symbols were introduced to the script for their help. The Kufic style has very long or short strokes that are horizontal, and round characters that have tiny counters.

The Kufic font has sub-types like floral, foliated, plaited or interlaced, bordered, and squared. In the 10th century, the font gave way to Naskh font for writing the Quran. 

2. Naskh: This font was cursive and had abundance of diacritical marks and vowel symbols in order to provide ease of reading to non-Arabic speakers. It was also easier to write, and its cursive property added to its aesthetics and popularity. Even today, it is employed for writing the Holy Quran. It formed the basis of the modern Arabic script, and is used in newspapers, periodicals, official decrees and private correspondence.

3. Thuluth: Thuluth is translated into English as ‘one third’. As the name suggests, in this style, one-thirds of the alphabets are straight. Because of its grand appearance given its characteristic long, vertical lines, broad spaces, and prominent dots, diacritical marks and vowel symbols, the Thuluthstyle is employed for decorative purposeslike doing up the walls and ceilings of several monuments and edifices, such as the Taj Mahal in India. People also like to go for Thluth calligraphy for Islamic wall d├ęcor in their homes or offices. 

4. Nast’aliq: This font developed in Iran and was employed for non-religious purposes like writing court documents. The word ta'liqmeans “hanging”, and suggests the left-leaning property of characters which give a hanging appearance to the overall script. It is also used for writing Persian, Urdu and some other languages of south Asia.

5. Diwani: This style developed during the reign of Ottoman emperors in the 16th century. It is avery elaborate font of writing – the alphabets are slanted, and the narrow spaces between them are neatly filled with several tiny ornate dots – and is thus good for Islamicwall art Arabiccalligraphy.The Diwanifont is difficult to read and was thus used in transcribing confidential courtpapers. These days, it is a preferred font for Islamic calligraphy for sale.